Sleeping in a comfortable bed, between 7 to 9 hours, is everything. A good night’s sleep can provide balance and health to your life.
Plus, after a night of good sleep, you will always feel strong and fresh to tackle the following day.
In general, humans don’t need too much to sleep well – a comfortable bed, a pillow if you use one, and a cold and dark room to rest eyes and easily drift off.
However, it’s not enough just to have a bed, it’s mandatory to have a great bed, a clean one, pets-free. Have you heard about bedbugs?
These small insects are a real nightmare when it comes to the sleeping environment.
You don’t want your bed infected with these small insects.
Here is what you should know about these small bugs, and how you can remove bedbugs safely and for good.
Bedbugs are small insects that live in the blood of animals or humans. They are extremely small – they measure only 5 millimeters, and are oval and brownish insects.
Adult bedbugs have flat bodies that are about the size of an apple seed. After each feeding, their bodies swell and tend to demonstrate a reddish color.
They do not fly, no matter what you hear! However, they do move fast. Moreover, they can move fast across walls, floors, and ceilings.
A very scary thing about them is that bedbugs may lay hundreds of eggs, each the size of a speck of dust, over a lifetime.
Thanks to their flattened bodies, they can fit perfectly into tiny spaces, about the width of a credit card. They don’t have nests but tend to live in groups in hiding places.
They love mattresses, bed frames, mattresses, and even headboards where they have easy access to people to bite in the night.
Over time, they can move from the bedroom to other areas in the home.
If you have bedbugs does that mean that your hygiene is poor? No, you can find bedbugs even in the most luxurious hotels – they just appear and may attach to something through million ways.
Do they transmit diseases? No, they cannot transmit any sort of disease, but they are a nuisance.
Do Bedbugs Bite?
Bedbugs bite people. Since they are active at night, they tend to bite people while sleeping. They feed by piercing the skin and withdrawing blood through an elongated beak.
Their bites are painless at first, and then they turn into itchy welts.
Bedbugs usually bite around the ankles, although they aren’t ashamed to bite any skin thats exposed while sleeping.
When flea bite, they have a red spot in the center, while that’s not the case with bedbug bites.
If it’s a hot autumn night or a night after a long rain, how can you know for sure if you are bitten by a mosquito or a bedbug?
To confirm bedbug bites, you must find and identify the bugs themselves.
If you wake up with itchy areas you didn’t have when you went to sleep, the chances are that bedbugs ate you.
Moreover, if your bed was brought from someone else, or you got a used bed around the time the bites started, your bed is probably infected with these small insects.
Here are the most common signs that you have bedbugs nearby:
- Red areas around your ankles
- Blood stains on pillowcases
- Blood stains on sheets
- Rusty spots on sheets and mattresses
- Dark spots on bedclothes
- Dark spots on walls
- Musty odor that comes from the bugs’ scent glands
Plus, they can leave red spots not only around your ankles but over the whole body.
Since they hide before their meals it can be tricky to catch them.
Did you know that a healthy female can lay 500 eggs in her lifetime?
With so fast and high reproductions it comes as no surprise that they can wreak a lot of havoc in your home.
Luckily, you can get rid of bedbugs. However, you will have to arm with patience, because although you can remove them it will be tricky and it will demand time and effort.
You will have to try different approaches, both chemical and non-chemical, especially if you have a large infestation.
Plus, certain factors can make bedbugs harder to remove.
1. Identify All Infested Areas
As soon as you notice bedbugs you should act fast. The key is to get read of them before they start reproducing.
Plus, it’s always easier and cheaper to treat a small infestation than a big one.
Also, smaller infestations can be more challenging to detect. If you cannot spot them but you know that they are there, call in professionals.
Some inspectors are so well-trained that they can easily detect bedbugs by their scent.
Since bedbug’s bodies are narrow and small, they could be anywhere, since they can squeeze into the tiniest places.
Don’t forget that they are especially fond of tiny spots, such as mattress or couch, and even the folds of curtains.
Have a flashlight on hand, because you might use it to reach those dark places. It won’t hurt to have a magnifying glass nearby as well.
But… How To Spot Them?
To detect them, you need to use specific signs, such as:
- Redish live bedbugs
- Dark and small spots
- Reddish stains on your bed, mattress, or pillow
- Small and pale yellow eggs
Once you locate your bedbug or bedbugs, put it in a sealed jar along with 1 teaspoon of rubbing alcohol.
If you are not sure what kind of bug you have caught, place it in a jar and bring it to an exterminator or entomologist to identify.
2. Contain The Infestation
To get rid of the bedbugs, you need to contain them. The easiest way is to trap them with your vacuum. Vacuum areas that bedbugs really love, such as:
- Every bed inside your home
- Electronics, like TV
You might be surprised to see where they love to make their nests. Once you vacuum, make sure that you clean out the vacuum properly.
What are your clothes are affected? Seal them in plastic bags until you wash them – the highest temperature can destroy everything, for at least 30 minutes.
Do you have something that cannot be treated? Don’t worry!
Just place it in a plastic bag and leave for a few months, and wait for bugs to die. If your furniture is too affected, you might have to throw it away.
If you do some, make sure that you place an easy-to-spot sign on the furniture saying – infected by bedbugs. You don’t want bedbugs to invade someone’s else home.
3. Start Bedbug Treatment
Before you jump into bedbugs treatment, you should maximize your odds of success. Make sure that all of your bed gear has been either cleaned or thrown out.
Tackle the bedbugs hiding places, such as books, magazines, clothes, and anything else that lies around.
Never move items from an infested room to a clean one – you want to contain the infection, and not to spread it.
Seal up any open areas, and if need be ready to glue down loose wallpaper.
Last but not least, move your bed approximatelly 6 inches away from the wall so bedbugs can’t climb on.
4. Getting Rid Of Bedbugs For Good
Once you have prepared everything right, you can start with cleaning methods, or killing the bedbugs.
You can always try first with home cleaning methods, and get rid of them without chemicals.
Here is how you can do this:
- Wash bedding and clothes in hot water for a minimum of 30 minutes
- Use a high-quality steamer on couches, mattresses, and other places where bugs could hide
- Place infected items in black bags and leave them outside on a hot day for a long period, like two to five months
- Place container with bedbugs in the freezer at 0°F (-17°C)
Once you have cleaned all visible bedbugs, you should keep their friends away. So, place bedbug-proof covers over your bed, mattress, and box spring.
Make sure that you zip covers up all the way.
This way, the bug-strapped inside will die, and new bugs won’t be able to get in. If nothing works, you will need to try an insecticide.
Cleaning up infected areas is mandatory and it will help in controlling bedbugs, but as a general rule – chemical treatments are mandatory for killing the bedbugs for good.
Since treating your bed and bedroom with insecticides can be harmful, it’s crucial to be careful.
In fact, you should focus on finding products that are safe to use in bedrooms. These products should be safe because you want to sleep in your bedroom afterward.
Do not treat mattresses and bedding unless the label specifically says otherwise.
In general, the best way to get rid of bedbugs is to hire an experienced pest control professional for bedbug extermination. This is also the most effective way.
The Bottom Line
Bedbugs love dark spaces, which is why you should keep your bedroom at its finest.
Open a window every day to let the fresh air in, clean and vacuum your mattress regularly, and change your bedsheets as recommended: at least once every two weeks.
If you sweat a lot this should be a routine once a week.
If you don’t change your bed sheets regularly, you are risking exposing yourself to various health issues, such as infected wounds, athlete’s foot, and even bedbugs.
When dealing with your sheets regularly, you will notice any unusual sign of something harmful, including pests, such as bedbugs.
Bedbugs can survive and remain active at temperature as low as 7°C (46°F), but they die when their body temperatures reach 45°C (113°F). So, to kill them with heat, the room must be a hooter.
Still, any home-based operative performed from your side can be time-consuming and overwhelming, so if possible, always choose to call in professionals to help you.